The war in Sudan between the regular army of General al-Burhan and the paramilitary forces of General Hemedti has left thousands dead and 5 million displaced since it began on April 15, 2023. More than 420,000 people have crossed the border with Chad where authorities and NGOs are increasingly struggling to accommodate displaced people in camps.
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With our special envoy to Adré, Eliott Brachet
The fighting continues Sudan. In just over five months, the conflict has left thousands of civilians dead and displaced more than 5 million people.
Refugees continue to flock to neighboring countries and particularly to Chad, on the front line to receive exiles from Darfur. More than 420,000 people have already crossed the border.
In the refugee camps, sanitary conditions are precarious. The authorities and humanitarian organizations are overwhelmed by the scale of the crisis.
“ We are not able to absorb all the urgency »
The queues are getting longer in front of the few water points scattered around the Adré camp. Marwa Suleiman, jerrycans in hand, deplores deplorable hygienic conditions. “ There are not enough latrines for everyoneshe explains. We need mosquito nets, especially for flies that carry germs from person to person, especially among children. We even lack soap. Hygiene-wise, we need a lot more help “.
For Valentin Badiel, field coordinator for Solidarités Internationale, access to drinking water is one of the main problems to be resolved. “ The main health problems people face are anything related to water, he deciphers. That is to say diarrheal diseases – diarrhea, dysentery – cholera because we are in the rainy season. But it is also malaria because we are in an endemic region and at the time of the rainy season, we reach the peak “.
Some 80% of Sudanese refugee children in Chad suffer from severe malnutrition. Health structures and particularly pediatric services are overloaded, deplores Martin Radjabo of Médecins sans frontières (MSF). “ We are not able to absorb all the emergency, which means that when you arrive, there is no latrine, there is no water, no infrastructure, there is no has nothing, not even food for some people. NGOs are outdated “, he summarizes.
Humanitarian organizations in Chad have received only 20% of the financial aid needed to respond to the Sudanese crisis.